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Insure, Ensure, Assure

Added by Tomasz H. 27 October 2014 in category: English, Lexicon

Insure

To protect yourself against risk by regularly paying a special company that will provide a fixed amount of money if you are killed or injured or if your house or flat are damaged or stolen.

The house is insured for two million dollars.

They refused to insure us because they said we're too old.



Ensure

To make something certain to happen.

The role of the police is to ensure that the law is obeyed.

Winning the lottery ensured his happiness.



Assure

To tell someone confidently that something is true, especially so that they do not worry (to remove ...

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Telling the Time

Added by Tomasz H. 23 October 2014 in category: English, General tips, Learning tips, Lexicon

Giving the time

  • Say the hour first and then the minutes (H+M)

6:20 - six twenty
8:09 - eight O-nine
10:11 - ten eleven
2:34 - two thirty-four

  • Say the minutes first and then the hour (M + PAST/TO + H)

PAST for minutes 1-30

4:20 twenty past four
5:10 ten past five
1:29 twenty/nine past one

To for minutes 31-59

9:50 ten to ten
4:59 one to five
2:35 - twenty-five to three

When it is 15 minutes past the hour we  say:

  • a quarter past

1:15 - a quarter past one

When ...

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Inside, In, Into & Within

Added by Tomasz H. 20 October 2014 in category: English, Lexicon

Inside/In

Inside & In are the same in many cases.

We are in the building -> We are inside the building
The clothes are in the car -> The clothes are inside the car

Inside means that the thing is physically enclosed - in a building with walls, in a vehicle etc.

Use in where you are not physically surrounded:

I live in Poland.
My birthday is in March.
I play guitar in a band.

 

Into

Into implies movement or transformation:

I jumped into the swimming pool.
We went into the house.
The car crashed into a shop.

You can use into & in ...

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Common Abbreviations

Added by Tomasz H. 13 October 2014 in category: English, Lexicon

The rule for punctuation of abbreviations is:

  • if last letter of word and abbreviation are the same: no full stop (for example Ltd -> Limited)
  • if last letter of word and abbreviation are NOT the same: full stop (for example Co. -> Company)

The list contains some common abbreviations and their meanings.

 

Dist.

District


A.G.M.

Annual General Meeting (of company shareholders)


A.O.B.

any other business (at the end of a meeting agenda)


Corp.

Corporation


a/c

account, as for bank account


cc:

copies to (at the end of a letter)


Co.

Company


e.g.

for example


E.G ...

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Words, Phrases, Clauses & Sentences

Added by Tomasz H. 9 October 2014 in category: English, General tips

Words, phrases, clauses, and sentences constitute what is called the grammatical hierarchy. Words are at the lowest level of the hierarchy. At the other end of the hierarchy, sentences are at the top of the hierarchy.

Words

First we have words.

car - a vehicle with an engine, four wheels, and seats for a small number of passengers (is s a noun - it names things in a sentence)

crashed - an accident in which a vehicle hits something (is a verb - it tells us what happens in a sentence)

big - large or serious (is an adjective - it gives us more detail about ...

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15 Most Common Interjections

Added by Tomasz H. 1 October 2014 in category: English, General tips, Lexicon

Interjection is a word that is used to show a short sudden expression of emotion. There're many interjections, our list shows the most common.

 

AH

used to express understanding, pleasure, pain, surprise, or the fact that you have noticed something

Examples:

Ah, I see.
Ah, John, how wonderful to see you!
Ah, what a lovely baby!

EH

used to express surprise or confusion, to ask someone to repeat what they have said, or as a way of getting someone to give some type of reaction to a statement that you have made

Examples:

"Did you hear what I said ...

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