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Edustation's blog > Weird Plurals

Weird Plurals

Added by Tomasz H. 21 July 2014 in category: English, Grammar, Learning tips

English grammar generally pluralizes words by tacking -s or -es. But there are many words where you can't use this rule. Let's check weird plurals in English language.

-Y

When words end with a consonant and -y (e.g. city, cherry), plurals remove the -y and add -ies.

copy -> copies

lady -> ladies

pony -> ponies

canary -> canaries


-F

When words end in -f and -fe (with a silent 'e'), plurals remove -fe (-fe) and gain -ves.

leaf -> leaves

loaf -> loaves

half -> halves

knife -> knives

-ESE

Nouns that end with -ese do not generally change.

Chinese

Japanese

-EN & vowel swaps

Some plurals add -en to the end and some change the vowels in the center (many variations).

tooth -> teeth

child -> children

Latin & Greek Origins

bacterium -> bacteria

fungus -> fungi

cactus -> cacti

larva -> larvae

Identical plurals

Some words are identical in singular and plural forms.

shrimp

trout

sheep

wheat

Plural in their singular

glasses

scissors

New word

Sometimes the noun changes onto new word.

person -> people

mouse -> mice


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