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Commonly Confused Adjectives

Added by Tomasz H. 28 July 2014 in category: English, Learning tips, Lexicon

Each vs Every

Use each with individual or separate items -> The apples are 5$ each.

Use every when describing the frequency of actions or things in a group -> John goes to the park every weekend, Every apple in the basket is red.

Few vs A few

Few represents a ngative quantity or shortage -> Few students passed the exam.

A few represents a positive quantity (but can be used only with countable nouns) -> Only a few books were damaged in the fire.

Little vs A little

Little expresses a diminutive size or a negative quantity -> There is little water in Africa ...

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Weird Plurals

Added by Tomasz H. 21 July 2014 in category: English, Grammar, Learning tips

English grammar generally pluralizes words by tacking -s or -es. But there are many words where you can't use this rule. Let's check weird plurals in English language.

-Y

When words end with a consonant and -y (e.g. city, cherry), plurals remove the -y and add -ies.

copy -> copies

lady -> ladies

pony -> ponies

canary -> canaries


-F

When words end in -f and -fe (with a silent 'e'), plurals remove -fe (-fe) and gain -ves.

leaf -> leaves

loaf -> loaves

half -> halves

knife -> knives

-ESE

Nouns that end with -ese do not generally change.

Chinese

Japanese

-EN & vowel swaps ...

Well vs Good

Added by Tomasz H. 14 July 2014 in category: English, Learning tips

The English words well and good are often confused by English learners.

WELL

as an adverb when something is done to a good standard or in a good way:

He drives very well.

You speak English well

is a discourse marker, adverb or adjective:

A: Did you like that book?

B: Well, it was interesting, but fantasy stories are not really my favourite.

 

GOOD

an adjective, which means that it modifies nouns:

This is a good movie

He is a very good footballer.

 

Well and good have a similar meaning, but remember:

He sings very well.

- well used as an ...

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It's vs Its

Added by Tomasz H. 7 July 2014 in category: English, Grammar, Learning tips

Difficulties with these two words? Don't worry, it's and its are often used incorrectly by native speakers.

 

IT'S

Short for it is or it has.

It's six o'clock.

It's been a long day and I'm tired.

It's time to go.

ITS

Belonging to or relating to the thing that has already been talked about.

This oven has its own timer.

The bird lost some of its feathers.

The house has its own swimming pool.

 

It looks easy but isn't. Why? Because in Internet people often use it's for its. It ...

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Principal vs Principle

Added by Tomasz H. 1 July 2014 in category:

Principal and principle are often confused by English speakers. Today I'll explain you what is the difference.

 

Principal

As an adjective means 'most important'

The principal reason (= the most important reason) for the failure to take action was poor communication between government departments.

As a noun means 'the head of a school or organization'

The college principal made a speech congratulating all the students.

Our company’s principals meet once a month.

Principle

Is a noun and it means 'a rule or theory which explains how something is or works'

Can you teach me the principles of quantum physics ...

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